The Hornet’s Nest
By now, you all know the Battle of Shiloh was two days of horrific fighting in 1862. The battle had more casualties than any Civil War battle up to that point. A massive Confederate assault caught the Union Army off guard. As the first morning progressed, the Confederates rolled through Union camps, caused great turmoil and seized a number of rifles as Federal soldiers scrambled.
Union lines on the left and right flanks collapsed. Major Francis Shoup was part of the Confederate assault on the Union right flank. Federals on the flanks fell back and formed new lines well to the rear. The center of the Federal line established a position along the Sunken Road and held firm. The 7th Iowa Infantry Regiment with Sergeant Jefferson Crookham was among the units along the Sunken Road. As the flanks fell back the Federal center was enveloped.
Confederates pounded the Federal position again and again over the course of seven hours. The Federal center started to fall back when W.H.L. Wallace, one of two Union generals commanding the center divisions, was mortally wounded. The chaos, violence and death in the middle of the line led to the name all remember when they think of the battle of Shiloh.
This was the Hornet’s Nest. The video below comes from the Shiloh Reenactment and portrays that part of the battle.